There are various materials (amalgam, composite resins, porcelain, gold, etc.) and techniques for performing a dental restoration.
Depending on the location of the tooth and type of dental pathology to treat, the dentist offers an adapted and personalized solution for every clinical situation.
Here are the most common techniques we use in dentistry:
Often called gray fillings, amalgam is a material that has been used for over 150 years in dentistry. Contrary to what one might think, the filling does not contain lead, but an alloy of mercury, copper, zinc, tin, etc. The presence of mercury, however generates some criticism for its toxic side. But according to the Order of Dentists of Quebec, there is no reliable and proven data showing that dental amalgams have an impact on health.
Very resistant, the amalgam is an inexpensive and easy material to apply. It is widely used in pediatric dentistry to cure tooth decay in primary teeth.
The main disadvantage of amalgam restorations is their gray (metal) colour which is, therefore, not very esthetic.
Unlike amalgam, composite resins are fairly recent materials. Their formula is regularly improved, so there are several generations of composite resins.
Composed of polymers of very hard and inert particles, the composite resin is bonded to the tooth through an adhesive resin. White in colour and appearance, composite resin is a material used to restore teeth and correct defects caused by decay, fracture or for aesthetic corrections.
In its fluid form, the composite is used as a sealant for cracks to prevent the development of cavities.
The composite provides a lot of flexibility, comfort and stability. It is widely used in general dentistry.
An inlay is a restoration made in a laboratory to repair a tooth damaged by a faulty filling or tooth decay. Instead of using the usual filling materials such as amalgam (gray fillings) or composites (white fillings), it is possible to use a more solid and sustainable inlay to treat a tooth. Ceramic is a material that has very similar characteristics to the tooth in terms of strength and durability.
The Steps in Manufacturing an Inlay
The dentist first files the tooth to be treated. He then takes an impression and sends the impression to the dental technician to manufacture the inlay. Meanwhile, the dentist will place a temporary filling.
In the second appointment, the dentist installs the permanent inlay on the chipped tooth.
The Advantages of a Dental Inlay
Manufactured in laboratories, gold inlays are restorations used to replace amalgam fillings or composite resins. They offer outstanding durability and do not oxidize over time.
Gold is a precious metal that has demonstrated exceptional characteristics over the years and was widely used in dentistry. However, due to the cost of gold today, as well as its colour, this material has increasingly given way to porcelain restorations.
Contact Dental Clinic Obradovic for more information on our treatments in general dentistry.